This is not just about the economy. It is about the people of the United States who are hurting. The things missing from the republican proposal would be devastating to the country. There is no help for the states to help them with the extra costs of the pandemic. This is already causiing layoffs of police, health care workers and many others that are needed to deal with the pandemic which, by the way, is not over. And this is not just the blue states. The payments to the people of $1400 is desperately needed for many people who lost…

Thanks for your response. Yes, measurements are the answer to verifying reality. Thanks for the hints as to where to look for more information. I would like to find other ways to measure the Quantum foam.

**Introduction**

**Quantum foam** or **spacetime foam** is the quantum fluctuation of spacetime on very small scales due to quantum mechanics. The idea was devised by John Wheeler in 1955.

The Karpinsky Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (Part 2)

**Introduction**

As described in Part 1, the Karpinsky Interpretation of Quantum mechanics is a purely wave theory. All interactions are the interaction of one wave with another wave. This follows from the mathematical formalism of quantum mechanics. The Schrodinger equation is a wave equation, and there is no reason to claim that what is being described is a particle. We will occasionally still use the word “particle” for waves that have enough energy to meet the threshold required for existence, but that is only because the language is already there.

**The Mass…**

Introduction

In my opinion, quantum fluctuations and entanglement are the least understood elements of quantum mechanics. By examining what is happening in the double slit experiment, we can see more clearly how they work. The equations describing the interactions don’t give one any feeling for what is happening. The surprising strength of quantum entanglement is one thing that becomes clear when looking at this experiment. Another puzzle that has not yet been explained in any reasonable way is the randomness of the location of the interactions. …

John Karpinsky

September 11, 2020

**Introduction to some Interpretations of Quantum Mechanics**

There are various interpretations of Quantum Mechanics (QM) because it is not something that is intuitive. The rules seem to be in conflict with common sense. We know how to make calculations on the behavior of physical systems using QM, but we have been unable to agree on what is happening “really”. First, to introduce this subject, we need to describe a little of how quantum mechanics works. In quantum mechanics, all objects have wave-like properties (ie. de Broglie waves). For instance, in Young’s double-slit experiment, electrons can…

John Karpinsky

June 30, 2020

There are some elements of photon characteristics that are not commonly addressed in courses on quantum mechanics. It is possible that a detailed investigation into these lesser noticed elements of the characteristics of quantum particles and waves could discover new connections that might answer some of the outstanding questions in quantum theory.

A photon is an electromagnetic wave that has no rest mass. From our frame of reference, the wave travels at the speed of light. But from the frame of reference of the photon, it does not travel at all. The distance between the…

John Karpinsky May 24, 2020

There is an ongoing question in Physics as to why Mathematics describes the physical universe so effectively. Mathematicians are mystified as well. This paper is an attempt to show an approach that might illuminate this relationship and enable progress toward some answers to this question.

Definitions

In order talk about this subject, We need some new words to describe Mathematics. The problem with most presently defined words is that they assume a tangible substance to intangible entities. Each of these words defines intangible corollaries to tangible entities.

The words and their corollaries are:

Inistence —…

I am a retired industrial physicist interested in the fundamental physics of the universe.